Thursday, October 6, 2016

Top 10 coolest extinct animals --#10 -#6

Part of writing The Sixth Event involved lots of research into prehistory, and it was hard not to get distracted by reading about all the cool animals that used to roam our world. Here’s a small list of them for everyone to enjoy! The first five will be posted today, and the rest tomorrow!

Some of these animals even made it into the book! Once you read it, see if you can figure out which ones they are—I didn’t always make it obvious. ;)

10. Mammoth 

We all know Mammoths—giant furry elephants. These guys roamed the ice age tundra, and were one of the more recently extinct creatures on this list. They were enormous, and it’s very clear that prehistoric humans hunted them for food as well as for their tusks and hair. In fact, some researchers theorize that ancient human hunters were what ultimately drove the mammoth to extinction. Pour one out for the mammoths—they gave us a lot while they lived.

9. Tiktaalik

Going way back to the Ordovician period, Tiktaalik was one of the earliest animals to crawl out of the sea. In fact, its sometimes called the “fishapod,” since it looked like a fish with legs. One of the transition species between fish and amphibians, if you see a movie or TV show depicting evolution where a fish with legs crawls out of the surf, you’re likely looking at something modeled after Tiktaalik.

8. Terror Bird

Hailing from South America in the Cenozoic, Terror Birds were the terror of their time. Enormous flightless birds, like an ostrich with cruel claws and a hammer beak, Terror Birds were the undisputed top predators for almost 60 million years. They  couldn’t fly, but they didn’t need to—they could be up to 8 feet tall and could run down their prey with ease. They only went extinct as more modern predators—like wolves and big cats--evolved and flourished, competing with them for food.

7. Eohippus

Now for something cuter. Eohippus were tiny little hooved mammals that ate plants and frolicked around forests in North America 50 million years ago. Around the size of a fox and sporting a very small skull, it probably wasn’t a brainiac, but it marked the very first stage in the evolution of what would eventually be a very intelligent, helpful animal to humanity—the horse.

6. Saurolophus 

When I was young, my favorite dinosaurs were “the plant eaters with the long bone on their heads.” I had to look it up, but I discovered the Saurolophus, which roamed the late cretaceous and was apparently very successful, since fossils of the species can be found all over the world. The “long bone” on their heads was a bony crest that could have been used in anything from combat to mating displays. Like all other dinosaurs, these guys died out with the comet that ended the cretaceous.